100% pure natural essential oils pre-blended massage oils    find us on facebook                                                                          the world of pure essential oils
member of the CTFA 
caucheteux approved quality
 
guaranteed quality of pure essential oils

Click here to Shop in South Africa (Suid Afrika)

International (Rest of the World) shoppers Click here

 

Home
Contact us
Shopping security


INFORMATION

OTHER

References used for Neem oil information page.

neem oil Looking to buy Neem oil?

  1. Chopra, R. N., Nayer, S. L. and Chopra, I. C., Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, CSIR, New Delhi, 1956.
  2. Chopra, R. N., Chopra, I. C, Handa, K. L. and Kapur, L. D. (eds), Indigenous Drugs of India, U.N. Dhur and Sons, Kolkata, 1958, pp. 51–595.
  3. Kirtikar, K. R. and Basu, B. D., in Medicinal Plants (eds Blatter, E., Cains, J. F., Mhaskar, K. S.), Vivek Vihar, New Delhi, 1975, p. 536.
  4. Thakur, R. S., Singh, S. B. and Goswami, A., Curr. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants, 1981, 3, 135–140.
  5. Koul, O., Isman, M. B. and Ketkar, C. M., Can. J. Bot., 1990, 68, 1–11.
  6. Chatterjee, A. and Pakrashi, S. (eds), The Treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants, 1994, vol. 3, p. 76.
  7. Schmutterer, H. (ed.), The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes, VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 1995, pp. 1–696.
  8. Singh, R. P., Chari, M. S., Raheja, A. K. and Kraus, W., Neem and Environment, Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Delhi, 1996, Vols I and II, pp. 1–1198.
  9. De Jussieu, A., Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, 1830, 19, 220.
  10. Pennington, T. D. and Styles, B. T., Blumea, 1975, 22, 419–540.
  11. Pennington, T. D., Flora Neotropica, New York Botanical Garden, NY, Monogr. No. 28, 1981.
  12. Siddiqui, S., Curr. Sci., 1942, 11, 278–279. Mitra, C. R., Neem, Dr M. S. Patel, Indian Central Oilseeds Committee, Hyderabad, 1963, pp. 69–94.
  13. Warthen, J. D. Jr., US Dept. of Agric. Sci. and Educ. Admin. Agric. Rev. and Man., ARM-NE-4, 1979, pp. 1–21.
  14. Taylor, D. A. H., Prog. Chem. Org. Nat. Prod., 1984, 45, 1– 101.
  15. Champagne, D. E., Koul, O., Isman, M. B., Scudder, G. G. E. and Towers, G. H. N., Phytochemistry, 1992, 31, 377–394.
  16. Kraus, W., in The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes (ed. Schmutterer, H.), 1995, pp 35–88.
  17. Devakumar, C. and SukhDev, in Neem (eds Randhawa and Parmar, B. S.), 1996, 2nd edn, pp. 77–110.
  18. Govindachari, T. R., Curr. Sci., 1992, 63, 117–122.
  19. Mitra, C. R., Garg, H. S. and Pandey, G. N., Phytochemistry, 1971, 10, 857–864.
  20. Bhargava, K. P., Gupta, M. B., Gupta, G. P. and Mitra, C. R., Indian J. Med. Res., 1970, 58, 724–730.
  21. Pillai, N. R. and Santhakumari, G., Planta Med., 1981, 43, 59–63.
  22. David, S. N., Mediscope, 1969, 12, 25–27.
  23. Pillai, N. R. and Santhakumari, G., Indian J. Med. Res., 1981, 74, 931–933.
  24. Pillai, N. R. and Santhakumari, G., Planta Med., 1984, 50, 143– 146.
  25. Pillai, N. R., Seshadri, D. S. and Santhakumari, G., Indian J. Med. Res., 1978, 68, 169–175.
  26. Pillai, N. R. and Santhakumari, G., Ancient Sci. Life, 1985, 5, 91–97.
  27. Sharma, V. N. and Saksena, K. P., Indian J. Med. Res., 1959, 13, 1038.
  28. Sharma, V. N. and Saksena, K. P., ibid, 1959, 47, 322.
  29. Murthy, S. P. and Sirsi, M., Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 1958, 2, 387–396.
  30. Bhide, N. K., Mehta, D. J. and Lewis, R. A., Indian J. Med. Sci., 1958, 12, 141–145.
  31. Rochanakij, S., Thebtaranonth, Y., Yenjal, C. H. and Yuthavong, Y., Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health, 1985, 16, 66–72.
  32. Khalid, S. A., Duddect, H. and Gonzalez-Sierra, M. J., J. Nat. Prod., 1989, 52, 922–927.
  33. Rojanapo, W., Suwanno, S., Somaree, R., Glinsukon, T. and Thebtaranonth, Y., J. Sci. Thailand, 1985, 11, 177–188.
  34. Rao, B. S., Nazma and Rao, J. M., Curr. Sci., 1977, 46, 714–716.
  35. Butterworth, J. H. and Morgan, E. D., J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun., 1968, 23–24.
  36. Jones, I., Ley, S. V., Denholm, A. A., Lovell, H., Wood, A. and Sinden, R. E., FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 1994, 120, 267–273.
  37. Van der Nat, J. M., Van der Sluis, W. G., ’t Hart, L. A., Van Disk, H., de Silva, K. T. D. and Labadie, R. P., Planta Med., 1991, 57, 65–68.
  38. Ara, I., Siddiqui, B. S., Faizi, S. and Siddiqui, S., J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans., 1989, I, 343–345.
  39. Pant, N., Garg, H. S., Madhusudanan, K. P. and Bhakuni, D. S., Fitoterapia, 1986, 57, 302–304.
  40. Kakai Tokkyo Koho, J. P., Chem. Abstr., 1984, 100, 91350.
  41. Fujiwara, T., Takeda, T., Ogihara, Y., Shimizu, M., Nomura, T. and Tomita, Y., Chem. Pharm. Bull., 1982, 30, 4025–4030.
  42. Fujiwara, T., Sugishita, E., Takeda, T., Ogihara, Y., Shimizu, M., Nomura, T. and Tomita, Y., ibid, 1984, 32, 1385–1391.
  43. Vander Nat, J. M., Kierx, J. P. A. M., Van Dijk, H., De Silva, K. T. D. and Labadie, R. P., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1987, 19, 125– 131.
  44. Vander Nat, J. M., Hart, L. A. T., Vander Sluis, W. G., Van Dijk, H., Vander Berg, A. J. J., De Silva, K. T. D. and Labadie, R. P., ibid, 1989, 27, 15–24.
  45. Moursi, S. A. H. and Al-Khatib, I. M., Jpn J. Pharmacol., 1984, 36, 527–533.
  46. Dymock, Pharmacogr. Ind., 1890, 1, 324.
  47. Varma, G. S., Miracles of Neem Tree, Rasayan Pharmacy, New Delhi, 1976.
  48. Lirtikar, K. R. and Basu, B. D., in Indian Medicinal Plants, Lalitha Mohan Basu, Allahabad, 1935, 2nd edn, p. 536.
  49. Ketkar, A. Y. and Ketkar, C. M., in The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes (ed. Schmutterer, H.), 1995, pp. 518–525.
  50. Tidjani, M. A., Dupont, C. and Wepierre, J., Planta Med. Phytother., 1989, 23, 259–266.
  51. Lorenz, H. K. P., J. Praxis, 1976, 8, 231–233.
  52. Murthy, S. P. and Sirsi, M., Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 1958, 2, 456–460.
  53. Okpanyi, S. N. and Ezeukwv., G. C., Planta Med., 1981, 41, 34–39.
  54. Vohra, S. B. and Dandiya, P. C., Fitoterapia, 1992, 63, 195–207.
  55. Jacobson, M., Neem Newsl., 1986, 3, 39–43.
  56. Njiro, S. M. and Kafi-Tsekpo, M. W., Ondersterpoort J. Vet. Res., 1999, 66, 59–62.
  57. Sen, P., Medinata, P. K. and Ray, A., Indian J. Exp. Biol., 1992, 12, 1170–1175.
  58. Ray, A., Banerjee, B. D. and Sen, P., ibid, 1996, 34, 698–701.
  59. Upadhyay, S. N., Dhawan, S., Garg, S. and Talwar, G. P., Int. J. Immunopharmacol., 1992, 14, 1187–1193.
  60. Murty, K. S., Rao, D. N., Rao, D. K. and Murty, L. B. G., Indian J. Pharmacol., 1978, 10, 247–250.
  61. El-Hawary, Z. M. and Kholief, T. S., Arch. Pharmacol. Res., 1990, 13, 108–112.
  62. Chakraborty, T., Uerotta, L. and Poddar, G., Phytother. Res., 1989, 3, 30–32.
  63. Khosla, P., Bhanwra, S., Singh, J., Seth, S. and Srivastava, R. K., Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2000, 44, 69–74.
  64. Chattopadhyay, R. R., Gen. Pharmacol., 1996, 27, 431–434.
  65. Chattopadhyay, R. R., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1999, 67, 373–376.
  66. Garg, G. P., Nigam, S. K. and Ogle, C. W., Planta Med., 1993, 59, 215–217.
  67. Bandyopadhyay, U., Chatterjee, R. and Bandyopadhyay, R., US Patent 5,730,986, 1998; corresponding to Indian Patent 1100/Del/95.
  68. Sinha, K. C. et al., Indian J. Med. Res., 1984, 79, 131–136.
  69. Upadhyay, S. N., Kaushic, C. and Talwar, G. P., Proc. R. Soc. London B, 1990, 242, 175–179.
  70. Upadhyay, S., Dhawan, S., Sharma, M. G. and Talwar, G. P. Contraception, 1994, 49, 161–169.
  71. Kaushic, C. and Upadhyay, S., ibid, 1995, 51, 203–207.
  72. Despande, V. Y., Mendulkar, K. N. and Sadre, N. L., J. Postgrad. Med. (Bombay), 1980, 26, 167–170.
  73. Mukherjee, S., Lohiya, N. K., Pal, R., Sharma, M. G. and Talwar, G. P., Contraception, 1996, 53, 375–378.
  74. Mukherjee, S., Garg, S. and Talwar, G. P., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1999, 67, 287–296.
  75. Khalid, S. A., Farouk, A., Geary, T. G. and Jensen, J. B., ibid, 1986, 15, 201–209.
  76. Badani, L., Deolankar, R. P., Kulkarni, M. M., Nagsampgi, B. A. and Wagh, U. V., Indian J. Malariol., 1987, 24, 111–117.
  77. Dhar, R., Zhang, K., Talwar, G. P., Garg, S. and Kumar, N., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1998, 61, 31–39.
  78. Khan, M. and Wassilew, S. W., in Natural Pesticides from the Neem Tree and Other Tropical Plants (eds Schmutterer, H. and Asher, K. R. S.), GTZ, Eschborn, Germany, 1987, pp. 645– 650.
  79. Chopra, I. C., Gupta, K. C. and Nair, B. N., Indian J. Med. Res., 1952, 40, 511–515.
  80. Satyavati, G. V., Raina, M. K. and Sharma, M. (eds), Medicinal Plants of India, 1976, vol. I.
  81. Almas, K., Indian J. Dent. Res., 1999, 10, 23–26.
  82. SaiRam, M. et al., J. Ethnopharmacol., 2000, 71, 377–382.
  83. Baswa, M., Rath, C. C., Dash, S. K. and Mishra, R. K., Microbios., 2001, 105, 183–189.
  84. Rao, A. R., Kumar, S., Paramsivam, T. B., Kamalakshi, S., Parashuram, A. R. and Shantha, M., Indian J. Med. Res., 1969, 57, 495–502.
  85. Gogati, S. S. and Marathe, A. D., J. Res. Educ. Indian Med., 1989, 8, 1–5.
  86. Badam, L., Joshi, S. P. and Bedekar, S. S., J. Commun. Dis., 1999, 31, 79–90.
  87. Balasenthil, S., Arivazhagan, S., Ramachandran, C. R. and Nagini, S., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1999, 67, 189–195.
  88. Arivazhagan, S., Balasenthil, S. and Nagini, S., Cell Biochem. Funct., 2000, 18, 17–21.
  89. Arivazhagan, S., Balasenthil, S. and Nagini, S., Phytother. Res., 2000, 14, 291–293.
  90. Bhanwra, S., Singh, J. and Khosla, P., Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2000, 44, 64–68.
  91. Rao, A. D., Devi, K. N. and Thyagaraju, K., J. Enzyme Inhib., 1998, 14, 85–86.
  92. Singh, S. D., Junnarkar, A. Y., Reddi, G. S. and Singh, K. V., Fitoterapia, 1987, 58, 235–238.
  93. Singh, P. P., Junnarkar, A. Y.,Thomas, G. P., Tripathi, R. M. and Varma, R. K., ibid, 1980, 61, 164–168.
  94. Jaiswal A. K., Bhattacharya, S. K. and Acharya, S. B., Indian J. Exp. Biol., 1994, 32, 489–491.
  95. Bhakuni, D. S., Dhar, M. L., Dhar, M. M., Dhawan, B. N., Gupta, B. and Srimal, R. C., ibid, 1971, 9, 91–102.
  96. Abraham, Z., Bhakuni, D. S., Garg, H. S., Goel, A. K., Mehrotra, B. N. and Patnaik, G. K., ibid, 1986, 24, 48–68.
  97. Kanungo, D., in Neem (eds Randhawa and Parmar, B. S.), 1996, 2nd edn, pp. 77–110.
  98. Charles, V. and Charles, S. X., Trop. Geogr. Med., 1992, 44, 178–181.
  99. Report, Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington DC, 1992, pp. 60–113.
  100. Njoku, O. U., Alumanah, E. O. and Meremikwu, C. U., Boll. Chim. Farm., 2001, 140, 367–370.
  101. Hartwell, J. L., Quarterman Lawrence Mass., 1982, 33, 181.
  102. Chatterjee, K. K., Indian Med. Rec. (Calcutta), 1961, 81,
  103. Talwar, G. P. et al., Indian J. Med. Res., 1995, 102, 66–70.
  104. Talwar, G. P., Raghuvanshi, P., Misra, R., Mukherjee, S. and Shah, S., Immunol. Cell Biol., 1997, 75, 190–192.
  105. Raghuvanshi, P., Bagg, R., Malhotra, D., Gopalan, S. and Talwar, G. P., Indian J. Med. Res., 2001, 113, 135–141.
  106. Shah, M. P., Seth, U. K., Bhide, N. K. and Shah, M. J., Indian J. Med. Sci., 1958, 12, 150.
  107. Gopinathan, G., MD Thesis, University of Kerala, 1973.
  108. Jacobson, M., in The Neem Tree: Source of Unique Natural Products for Integrated Pest Management, Medicine, Industry and Other Purposes (ed. Schmutterer, H.), 1995, pp. 484–495.
  109. Ali, B. H., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1992, 35, 267–273.
  110. Van der Nat, J. M., Van der Sluis, W. G., de Silva, K. T. and Labadie, R. P., ibid, 1991, 35, 1–24.
  111. Osuala, F. O. and Okwuosa, V. N., Appl. Parasitol., 1993, 34, 63–68.
  112. Singh, Y. P., Bahga, H. S. and Vijjan, V. K., Neem Newsl., 1985, 2, 17.
  113. Rao, P. U., J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 1987, 64, 1348–1351.
  114. Gandhi, M., Lal, R., Sankaranarayanan, A., Banerjee, C. K. and Sharma, P. L., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1988, 23, 39–51.
  115. Sinniah, D. and Baskaran, G., Lancet, 1981, 28, 487–489.
  116. Koga, Y., Yoshida, I., Kimura, A., Yoshino, M., Yamashita, F. and Sinniah, D., Paediatr. Res., 1987, 22, 184–187.
  117. Ibrahim, I. A., Khalid, S. A., Omer, S. A. and Adam, S. E., J. Ethnopharmacol., 1992, 35, 267–273.
  118. Awasthy, K. S., Cytobios, 2001, 106, 151–164.
  119. Aladakatti, R. H., Nazeer Ahmed, R., Ahmed, M. and Ghosewami, M. G., J. Basic Clin. Physiol. Pharmacol., 2001, 12, 69–76.
  120. Kasutri, M., Ahmed, R. N., Pathan, K. M., Shaikh, P. D. and Manivannan, B., Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol., 1997, 41, 234– 240.
  121. Glinsukon, T., Somjaree, R., Piyachaturawat, P. and Thebtaranonth, Y., Toxicol. Lett., 1986, 30, 159–166.
  122. Cohen, E., Quistad, G. B. and Casida, J. E., Life Sci., 1996, 58, 1075–1081.
  123. Rahman, M. F., Siddiqui, M. K. and Jamil, K., J. Environ. Sci. Health B., 1999, 34, 873–884.
  124. Riar, S. S. et al., Contraception, 1991, 44, 319–326.
  125. Parshad VR & Ahmad N (1996). Rodent pest management in agriculture: Problems, strategies and implementation. Journal of Research of Punjab Agricultural University, 33: 266-281.
  126. Dixit VP (1992). Plant products/non-steroidal compounds affecting fertility in the Indian desert gerbil, Meriones hurrianae Jerdon. In: Prakash I & Ghosh PK (Editors), Rodents in Indian Agriculture. Vol. 1. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, 595-604
  127. Guraya SS (1998). Cellular and Molecular Biology of Gonadal Development and Maturation in Mammals. Fundamentals and Biomedical Implications. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, India, and Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, Germany.
  128. Guraya SS (2000). Comparative Cellular and Molecular Biology of Ovary in Mammals. Fundamental and Applied Aspects. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, and Calcutta, India.
  129. Dhaliwal PK, Roop JK & Guraya SS (1999). Effect of neem-seed oil on the quantitative aspects of follicular development in cyclic female rats. Indian Journal of Ecology, 26: 162-166.
  130. Al-Tahan FJ (1994). Antifertility effect of castor bean on mice. Fitoterapia, 65: 34-37.
  131. Nwobodo EO, Nwafia WC, Ezeigbo JC & Onwughalu J (1996). The post-coital contraceptive activity of Sida linifolia. Fitoterapia, 67: 291-293.
  132. Nath D, Sethi N, Srivastava S, Jain AK & Srivastava R (1997). Teratogenic evaluation of an indigenous antifertility medicinal plant Gossypium herbaecum in rat. Fitoterapia, 68: 137-139.
  133. Jacobson M (1995). Antifertility effects and population control agents. In: Schmutterer (Editor), The Neem Tree - Azadirachta indica A. Juss and other Meliaceous plants. Published jointly by: VCH Verlagsgescll Schaft, Weinheim, Federal Republic of Germany, and VCH Publishers Inc., New York, 526-530.
  134. Dhaliwal PK, Roop JK & Guraya SS (1998). Antifertility activity of neem-seed oil in cyclic female rats. In: Dhaliwal GS, Randhawa NS, Arora A & Dhawan AK (Editors), Ecological Agriculture and Sustainable Development. Vol. 2. Indian Ecological Society and Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development, Chandigarh, India, 340-346.
  135. Kaur P & Guraya SS (1983). Follicular growth and kinetics during the oestrous cycle, pregnancy and post-partum in the Indian mole rat (Bandicota bengalensis). American Journal of Anatomy, 166: 469-489.
  136. Guraya SS (1997). Ovarian Biology in Buffaloes and Cattle. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India.
  137. Hirshfield AN (1991). Development of follicles in the mammalian ovary. International Review of Cytology, 124: 43-101
  138. Driancourt MA, Gougeon A, Royere D & Thibault C (1993). Ovarian function. In: Thibault C & Levasseur MC (Editors), Reproduction in Mammals and Man. Ellipses, Paris, France, 281-305.
  139. Driancourt MA & Thuel B (1998). Control of oocyte growth and maturation by follicular cells and molecules present in follicular fluid: A review. Reproduction, Nutrition, Development, 38: 345-362.
  140. Patil SR, Patil SR, Bhaktaraj B & Patil SB (1999). Effect of graded doses of nicotine on ovarian and uterine activities in albino rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 37: 184-186.
  141. Dixit VP, Arya M & Lohiya NK (1976). Mechanism of action of chronically administered Cannabis extract on the female genital tract of gerbils Meriones hurrianae. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 20: 38-41.
  142. Singh SP & Singh K (1994). Effect of Sapindus trifoliatus seed on the fertility of female albino rats. Cell Signalling and Ova Implantation (Abstracts). The International Symposium on Cell Signalling and Ova-Implantation. All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India, November 21-23.
  143. Pathak S, Jonathan S & Prakash AO (1995). Timely administration of extract of Ferula jaeschkeana causes luteolysis in the ovary of cyclic guinea pig. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 39: 395-399.
  144. Patil SR, Ravindra, Patil SR, Londonkar R & Patil SB (1998). Nicotine induced ovarian and uterine changes in albino mice. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 42: 503-508.
  145. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 1998 Nov; 36(11): 1151-3
  146. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2002 Feb; 79 (2): 273-8
  147. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 1997 Jun; 37(6): 485-91
  148. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1997 Jan; 55(2): 133-9
  149. International Journal of Immunopharmacology, 1992 Oct; 14(7): 1187-93
  150. Helson, B.V. 1992. Naturally derived insecticides: Prospects for forestry use. Forestry Chronicle 68: 349-354.
  151. Helson, B.V.; Lyons, D.B. 1999 Chemical and biorational control of the pine false webworm. pp. 17-22
  152. D.B. Lyons, G.C. Jones and T.A. Scarr, eds. Proceedings of a Workshop on the Pine False Webworm. CFS, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 49p.
  153. Helson, B.V.; de Groot, P.; McFarlane, J.W.; Zylstra, B.; Scarr, T. 1998. Leader and systemic applications of neem EC formulations for control of white pine weevil (Coleoptera: Curcolionidae) on jack pine and white pine. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 129: 107-113
  154. Helson, B.; Lyons, B.; de Groot, P. 1999. Evaluation of neem EC formulations containing azadirachtin for forest insect pest management in Canada. pp. 79-89 in RP Singh, RC Saxena (Eds.), Azadirachta indica A. Juss. International. Neem Conference, Gatton, Australia, Feb. 1996. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. Ltd. New Delhi.
  155. Lyons, D.B.; Helson, B.V.; Jones, G.C.; McFarlane, J.W. 1998. Effectiveness of neem- and diflubenzuron-based insecticides for control of the pine false webworm, Acantholyda erythrocephala Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 129: 115-126
  156. Lyons, D.B.; Helson, B.V.; Jones, G.C.; McFarlane, J.W.; Scarr, T. 1996. Systemic activity of neem seed extracts containing azadirachtin in pine foliage for control of the pine false webworm, Acantholyda erythrocephala (Hymenoptera: Pamphiliidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Ont. 127: 45-55.
  157. Wanner, K.W.; Helson, B.V.; Kostyk, B.C. 1997. Foliar and systemic applications of neem seed extract for control of spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.) (Lepidoptera:Tortricidae), infesting black and white spruce seed orchards. Can. Ent. 129: 645-655.
  158. Banken, J. O. and J. D. Stark. 1997. Stage and age influence on Susceptibility of Coccinella septempunctata after direct exposure to Neemix, a neem insecticide. J. Econ. Entomol. 90(5): 1102-1105.
  159. Copping, L.G. (Eds.) 2001. The BioPesticides Manual. Second Edition. British Crop Protection Counsel.
  160. Gill, J. S. and C. T. Lewis. 1971. Systemic action of an insect feeding deterrent. Nature (Lond.) 232:402-403.
  161. Larew, H. G. 1988. Limited occurrence of foliar-, root-, and seed-applied neem seed extract toxin in untreated plant parts. J. Econ. Entomol. 81:593-598.
  162. Lowery, D.T. and M.B. Isman. 1994. Effects of Neem and Azadirachtin on Aphids and their Natural Enemies. In Bioregulators for Crop Protection and Pest Control. P. A. Hedin (Eds) ACS Symposium Series 557. American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. Ch. 7, 78-91.
  163. Martineau, J. AgriDyne Technologies, Inc. January 26, 1994. MSDS for Azatin-EC Biological Insecticide.
  164. Miller, F and S. Uetz. 1998. Evaluating Biorational Pesticides for Controlling Arthropod Pest and their Phytotoxic Effects on Greenhouse Crops. Hort. Technology 8(2) 185-192
  165. Mostafa, B. and M. I. Abdel-Megeed. 1996. Molluscicidal activity of neem on Biomphalaria alexandrina. Proceedings: Sixth conference of agricultural development research 17-19 December 1996, Cairo. Annals of Agricultural Science Cairo. Special Issue, 215-232.
  166. Nisbet, A. J., J. A. T. Woodford, R. H. C. Strang, and J. D. Connoly. 1993. Systemic antifeedant effects of azadirachtin on the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 68:87-98.
  167. NOP. 2000. USDA National Organic Program regulations, 7CFR 205.206(e) http://www.ams.usda.gov/nop
  168. Osman, M. Z. and G. R. Port. 1990. Systemic action of neem seed substances against Myzus persicae. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 54:297-300.
  169. Palumbo, J. C., F. J. Reyes, C. H. Mullis, A. Amaya, L. Ledesma, and L. Carey. 2001. Neonictinoids and Azadirachtin in lettuce: comparison of application methods for control of lettuce aphids. University of Arizona 2001 Vegetable Report.
  170. Quarles, W. 1994. Neem Tree Pesticides Product Ornamental Plants. The IPM Practitioner. 16(10) 1-13.
  171. Ruckin, F.R., (ed). 1992. Neem, A Tree for Solving Global Problems. National Academy Press. Washington, D.C.
  172. Schmutterer, H. 1990. Properties and potential of natural pesticides form the neem tree, Azadirachta indica. Ann. Review of Entomol. 35: 271-297
  173. Smitley, D. R. and T. W. Davis. 2000. Twospotted spider mite on marigold in the greenhouse. Arthropod Management Tests 25: G62.
  174. Stark, J. D. and J.F. Walter. 1995. Neem oil and neem oil components affect the efficacy of commercial neem insecticides. J. Agric. Food Chem. 43: 507-512.
  175. Thacker, J.R.M. 2002. An Introduction to Arthropod Pest Control. Cambridge University Press.
  176. Weinzierl, R. and T. Henn. 1991 Alternatives in Insect management: Biological and Biorational Approaches. North Central Regional Extension, Publication 401.
  177. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2005 Oct;99(10):769-74. Phase I safety study of Praneem polyherbal vaginal tablet use among HIV-uninfected women in Pune, India.
  178. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2004 Nov;59(3):332-9. Biochemical effects of vepacide (from Azadirachta indica) on Wistar rats during subchronic exposure.
  179. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004 Sep;94(1):25-41. Safety evaluation of neem (Azadirachta indica) derived pesticides.
  180. Chembiochem. 2004 Apr 2;5(4):408-21. Neem--an omnipotent plant: a retrospection.
  181. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2003;14(4):387-95. Azadirachta indica adversely affects sperm parameters and fructose levels in vas deferens fluid of albino rats.
  182. Life Sci. 2002 Nov 1;71(24):2845-65. Gastroprotective effect of Neem (Azadirachta indica) bark extract: possible involvement of H(+)-K(+)-ATPase inhibition and scavenging of hydroxyl radical.
  183. Food Chem Toxicol. 2001 May;39(5):477-83. Azadirachtin, a neem biopesticide: subchronic toxicity assessment in rats.
  184. Pharmacol Res. 2000 Apr;41(4):419-22. How safe is neem extract with respect to thyroid function in male mice?
  185. Immunol Cell Biol. 1997 Apr;75(2):190-2. Plant immunomodulators for termination of unwanted pregnancy and for contraception and reproductive health.
  186. Puri H.S. 1999. Neem-The Divine Tree. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam.
  187. Ragasa C.Y., Nacpil Z.D., Natividad G.M., Tada M., Coll J.C. and Rideout J.A. 1997. Tetranortriterpenoids from Azadirachta Indica. Journal of Phytochemistry. 46: 555-558.
  188. Johnson S., Morgan E.D. and Peiris C.N. 1996. Development of the Major Triterpenoids and Oil in the Fruit and Seeds of Neem (Azadirachta indica). Journal of Annals Botany. 78: 383-388.
  189. Mongkholkhajornsilp D., Douglas S., Douglas P.L., Elkamel A., Teppaitoon W. and Pongamphai S. 2004. Supercritical CO2 Extraction of Nimbin from Neem Seeds-A Modeling Study. Journal of Food Engineering. 71: 331-340.
  190. Adeeko K.A. and Ajibola O.O. 1990. Processing Factors Affecting Yield and Quality of Mechanically Expressed Groundnut Oil. Journal of Agricultural Engineering. 45: 31-43.
  191. Khraisha Y.H. 2000. Retorting of Oil Shale Followed By Solvent Extraction of Spent Shale: Experiment and Kinetic Analysis. Journal of Energy Sources. 22: 347-355.
  192. Levenspiel O. 2003. Chemical Reaction Engineering. 3rd Ed., John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.
  193. Choe E. and Min D.B. 2006. Mechanisms and Factors for Edible Oil Oxidation (Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, Volume 5), Institute of Food Technologies, Ohio.
  194. ZMin D.B. and Steenson D.F. 1998. Crude Fat Analysis. Food Analysis. pp. 201-216.
  195. Fasina O.O. and Ajibola O.O. 1989. Mechanical Expression of Oil from Conophor Nut. Journal of Agricultural Engineering. 44: 275-287.
  196. Nielsen S.S. 1998. Food Analysis. An Aspen Publication, Maryland, USA.
  197. Engineers S.B.o.C. 1998. SBP Handbook of Oil Seeds, Oils, Fats and Derivatives. SBP Consultant & Engineers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
  198. Herodez S.S., Hadolin M., Skerget M. and Knez Z. 2002. Solvent Extraction Study of Antioxidants from Balm (Melissa officinalis L.) Leaves. Journal of Food Chemistry. 80: 275-282.

 

essential oils
Headings of links underneath

 

Use of essential oils

 


Links to essential oils, carrier oils and specialized pre-blended oils
Allspice
Aniseed
Basil
Bay
Benzoin
Bergamot
Black pepper
Cajuput
Calamus
Camomile
Camphor
Caraway
Carrot seed
Cassia
Cedarwood
Chamomile
Cinnamon
Citronella
Clary sage
Clove
Coriander
Cypress
Dill
Eucalyptus
Fennel
Frankincense
Galbanum
Geranium
Ginger
Grapefruit
Helichrysum
Hyssop
Jasmine
Juniper
Labdanum
Lavandin
Lavender
Lemon
Lemongrass
Lemon verbena
Lime
Mandarin
Marjoram
Melissa
Myrrh
Myrtle
Neroli
Niaouli
Nutmeg
Orange
Origanum
Palma rosa
Patchouli
Peppermint
Petitgrain
Pimento
Pine
Rose
Rose geranium
Rosemary
Rosewood
Sage
Sandalwood
Spearmint
Spikenard
Tagetes
Tangerine
Thyme
Tea tree
Vetiver
Ylang-ylang
ESSENTIAL OILS
NOT SOLD BY US
Angelica
Baobab oil
Marula oil
Birch
Bitter almond
Boldo
Buchu
Cardamom
Cumin
Elemi
Mugwort
Mustard
Pennyroyal
Rose otto
Rue
Sassafras
Tansy
Tarragon
Savin
Thuja
Tuberose
Vanilla
Wintergreen
Wormseed
Wormwood
Yarrow Muscle & Joint
Relaxation
Sensual
Anti-cellulite
Circulation
Hair & Scalp
Dry & Mature Skin
Insomnia
Baby
Vein & Artery
Sunburn
OTHER OILS
Rosehip oil
Neem oil Almond oil
Aloe vera oil
Apricot kernel oil
Avocado oil
Calendula oil
Evening primrose oil
Grape seed oil
Hazelnut oil
Jojoba oil
Olive oil
Wheatgerm oil
CARRIER OILS
NOT SOLD BY US
Macadamia oil
Pumpkin seed oil
Sesame oil
Safflower oil
Sunflower oil
Walnut oil

 

Recipes

 

Safety with essential oils

 

Related articles

 

Manufacture of essential oils

 

Holistic and alternative medicine

 

Treatment of ailments with essential oils

  • If you are suffering from any medical condition please contact your licensed medical practitioner.
  • The treatments listed below relies on alternative healing with essential oils, and please note that no clinical trials or results are available and rests heavily on anecdotal proof.
Abdominal pain
Abscess
Acne
Addictions
Anal fissures
Athlete's foot
Bad breath
Bedsores
Bleeding
Bleeding gums
Blepharitis
Blisters
Boils
Breathing difficulty
Bronchitis
Bruises
Burns
Carbuncles
Catarrh
Chapped lips
Chilblains
Circulation
Cold sores
Colds
Conjunctivitis
Constipation
Coughs
Cuts
Diarrhea
Diverticulosis
Dysmenorrhoea
Ear infections
Fainting
Fever
Flu
Frostbite
Gingivitis
Grazes
Halitosis
Hay fever
Headaches
Heart palpitations
Heartburn
Hiccups
High blood pressure
Influenza
Insect bites
Insomnia
Jetlag
Laryngitis
Leg cramps
Lumbago
Mouth ulcers
Nausea
Neuralgia
Nosebleed
Pneumonia
Shock
Sinusitis
Sore throat
Splinter
Sty
Swollen ankles
Toothache
Varicose veins
Wounds

pci dss compliant
website and shopping security
sallamander concepts
Agelesshealth International herbal and essential oils products
Ageless herbal products
Olinat pure natural facial moisturizing cream
Cellumend anti-cellulite cream
Sanitoets home test kits and testing strips

 

pure essential oils by esoteric oils cc
  HOME 

American and international orders    South African orders

Contact us Shipping information     Security information on website and shopping cart
Index of essential oils      Search our site      Treating ailments with essential oils
Dilution rates      Ways to use essential oils     Links      Sitemap
All material is protected under international copyright law.

© Copyright Sallamander Concepts (Pty) Ltd 1998 - 2017.
 

The entire content of this website is copyrighted - including text, photographs, logos, metatags etc., and no part whatsoever may be copied and used - privately, for educational purposes or publishing or for commercial application - without the written permission of Sallamander Concepts (Pty) Ltd.

Unauthorized copying or use of any of our copyrighted material may result in both criminal and civil action.

 

Our site is kept current and was last updated 23 August 2017.